Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a disease characterised by low bone mass and deterioration of bone tissue leading to enhanced bone fragility and a subsequent increase in the risk of fracture.

Osteoporosis occurs in both male and females, but is more common in females. Women start losing bone earlier in life and may experience 3-5 year acceleration of bone loss after the menopause.

Strategies for the prevention of osteoporosis include the prevention and enhancement of the material and structural properties of bone, prevention of falls and the overall improvement of lean tissue.

Benefits of exercise

Active lifestyles are associated with lower rates of osteoporotic fracture, and studies of moderate activity have shown that weight bearing activities shuch as jogging or weight training can increase bone mineral density in the spine.

  • Weight bearing exercises can maintain bone strength
  • Improved balance, flexibility and coordination will help prevent falls.
  • Strengthens muscles, particularly around the high risk fracture sites, ie wrist, hip and spine.
  • Improves posture